World No Tobacco Day is celebrated every 31st May i.e, today.The fact is that tobacco consumption compromises the health and economic well-being of all citizens in a country, from children, youth, men and women and its use present dangerous consequences for everyone. Both smoking and smokeless tobacco use cause many forms of cancers, leading to early, painful deaths of users in their productive years. It is therefore critical to raise awareness to help reduce use and protect the health of the people.
According to the World Health Organization, tobacco kills more than 7 million people each year. Over 6 million deaths are a result of direct consumption, whereas 890 000 are the result of passive smoking. Nearly 100 million premature deaths have been recorded in the 20th century and the figure is set to increase to 1 billion by the 21st century . Smoking kills over one million people in India annually and is the fourth leading cause of non-communicable diseases (NCD) such as cancer and heart diseases, which account for 53 per cent of all deaths in India.
- The most common, nearly half of all, are cancers of the lung and oral cavity in men, and of the breast and cervix in women.
- The rate of occurrence of lung cancer is 11 per 1, 00,000 individuals and of oral cavity cancer, 10.1. The rates of occurrences of breast and cervical cancers are 25.8 and 22.0 per 1, 00,000.